The Virunga Mountains are a chain of volcanoes in East Africa, along the northern border of Rwanda, the DemoRepublic of the Congo, and Uganda. The mountain range is a branch of the Albertine Rift Mountains, which border the western branch of the East African Rift.
They are located between Lake Edward and Lake Kivu. The name “Virunga” is an English version of the Kinyarwanda word ibirunga, which means “Volcanoes”.
The mountain range consists of eight major volcanoes. Most of them are dormant, except Mount Nyiragongo 3,462 metres (11,358 ft) and Mount Nyamuragira 3,063 metres (10,049 ft), both in the DRC. Recent eruptions occurred in 2002 and in January 2010. Mount Karisimbi is the highest volcano at 4,507 metres (14,787 ft). The oldest mountain is Mount Sabyinyo, which rises 3,634 metres (11,923 ft) above sea level.
The Virunga Mountains are home of the critically endangered mountain gorilla, listed on the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species due to habitat loss, poaching, disease, and war (Butynski et al. 2003). The Karisoke Research Center, founded by Dian Fossey to observe gorillas in their native habitat, is located between Mount Karisimbi and Mount Bisoke. The Virunga mountains not only offers mountain gorillas, but you can spot the Chimpanzees, birds, butterflies, floras and more reptiles which you can experience with our Eco tours guide.
Africa is much known to be the gateway for your safari, and visiting primates, wildlife, birds, people and culture is much popular. Today Visit Nyiragongo is here to show you the other expeditions you can experience in Africa, first you will know what is and where is Nyiragongo Volcano? what to know before you visit the mountain. Therefore, as you plan to hike Nyiragongo there is other mountains like Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, Rwenzori, Elgon in Uganda and Mount Meru in Kenya and if you are interest to visit them too our Africa Travel Experts are here to help you customize these expeditions.
More so Nyiragongo is situated in Virunga National Park, which also offers other mountains like Mikeno, Karisimbi, Bisoke, Muhabura, Gahinga and Sabyinyo and you can hike all of these mountains while on your African Expeditions.
Mount Kilimanjaro, with its three volcanic cones, "Kibo", "Mawenzi", and "Shira", is a dormant volcano in Tanzania. It is the highest mountain in Africa, and rises approximately 4,900 m from its base to 5,895 metres above sea level.
The Rwenzori Mountains, previously called the Ruwenzori Range, and sometimes the Mountains of the Moon, is a mountain range of eastern equatorial Africa, located on the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Mount Elgon is an extinct shield volcano on the border of Uganda and Kenya, north of Kisumu and west of Kitale. The mountain's highest point, named "Wagagai", is located entirely within the country of Uganda.
The City of Meru is linked to Nairobi by a paved road, whether from the south around the east side of Mount Kenya, via Embu, or from the northwest around the west and north side of Mount Kenya, via Nanyuki and Timau.
Another major eruption of the volcano began on January 17, 2002, after several months of increased seismic and fumarolic activity. A 13 km fissure opened in the south flank of the volcano, spreading in a few hours from 2800 m to 1550 m elevation and reaching the outskirts of the city of Goma, the provincial capital on the northern shore of Lake Kivu.